At the 25th Session of the IPCC, held in Mauritius from 26-28 April, 2006 it was decided to carry out a scoping meeting for a possible IPCC Special Report on the contribution of renewable energy sources to the mitigation of climate change. At the 28th IPCC Plenary in Budapest, 9-10 April, 2008 the Scoping Paper for the Special Report was accepted with modifications and the Plenary approved the development of a Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation (SRREN) by WG III. The goal of the SRREN is to assess existing literature on the future potential of renewable energy for the mitigation of climate change. It covers the six most important renewable energy technologies, as well as their integration into present and future energy systems, the environmental and social consequences associated with them, cost considerations and strategies to overcome technical as well as non-technical obstacles to their application and diffusion. Subsequent to the 28th IPCC Plenary, a full nominations process was carried out in accordance with IPCC Principles and Procedures, SRREN Coordinating Lead Authors and Lead Authors were selected, and the first SRREN Lead Author Meetings were held. Approval of the SRREN by the IPCC Plenary is expected in May, 2011, and its final publication on June 14th, 2011.
- Website: http://srren.org
Carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage (CCS) is a process consisting of the separation of CO2 from industrial and energy-related sources, transport to a storage location and long-term isolation from the atmosphere. This report considers CCS as an option in the portfolio of mitigation actions for stabilization of atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations.
The report contains a brief summary of relevant findings regarding the relation of ozone layer depletion and global warming. Furthermore, it has information on options to replace ozone-depleting substances that simultaneously contribute to the objective of the Climate Convention and the Montreal Protocol, and finally there is publicly available information on currently installed and planned global production capacities and a summary of available demand and emission projections of HFCs and PFCs.
The report addresses the technology transfer problem in the context of climate change while emphasizing the sustainable development perspective. A number of social, economic, political, legal, and technological factors influence the flow and quality of technology transfer.
long-term nature and uncertainty of climate change and its driving
forces require scenarios that extend to the end of the 21st century.
This Report describes the IPCC scenarios and how they were developed.
The SRES scenarios cover a wide range of the main driving forces of
future emissions, from demographic to technological and economic
Land Use, Land Use Change, and Forestry (2000)
is a report examining the scientific and technical state of
understanding for carbon sequestration strategies related to land use,
land-use change, and forestry activities and relevant Articles of the
Kyoto Protocol. It discusses the global carbon cycle and how different
land use and forestry activities currently affect standing carbon
stocks and emissions of greenhouse gases. It also looks forward and
examines future carbon uptake and emissions that may result from
employing varying definitional scenarios and carbon accounting
strategies, linked to the Kyoto Protocol, within the forestry and
Aviation and the Global Atmosphere (1999)
The report considers all the gases and particles emitted by aircraft into the upper atmosphere and the role that they play in modifying the chemical properties of the atmosphere and initiating the formation of condensation trails (contrails) and cirrus clouds. The report then considers (a) how the radiative properties of the atmosphere can be modified as a result, possibly leading to climate change, and (b) how the ozone layer could be modified, leading to changes in ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth’s surface.
The report establishes a common base of information regarding the potential costs and benefits of climatic change, including the evaluation of uncertainties, to help the COP determine what adaptation and mitigation measures might be justified. The report consists of vulnerability assessments for 10 regions that comprise the Earth's entire land surface and adjoining coastal seas: Africa, Arid Western Asia (including the Middle East), Australasia, Europe, Latin America, North America, the Polar Regions (The Arctic and the Antarctic), Small Island States, Temperate Asia, and Tropical Asia.
The series consists of three volumes: The Reporting Instructions (Volume 1) provides step-by-step directions for assembling, documenting and transmitting completed national inventory data consistently. The Workbook (Volume 2) contains suggestions about planning and getting started on a national inventory for participants who do not have a national inventory available already and are not experienced in producing such inventories. The Reference Manual (Volume 3) provides a compendium of information on methods for estimation of emissions for a broader range of greenhouse gases and a complete list of source types for each.
Climate change 1994
The report consists of a section on Radiative Forcing of Climate Change and a section containing an Evaluation of the IPCC IS92 Emission Scenarios. Available from Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building Shaftesbury Road, Cambridge CB2 2RU England.
The Guidelines outline a study framework which will allow comparable assessments to be made of impacts and adaptations in different regions/geographical areas, economic sectors and countries. The Guidelines are intended to help contracting parties meet, in part, their commitments under Article 4 of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Download pdf